Brain gymnastics: exercises that improve memory and concentration

Exercising is often associated with training the physique, but what about the mind? To the surprise of many, it can also be exercised to improve its capacity and performance. The technique used is known asbrain gymnastics” or “cognitive stimulation” and seeks to integrate the body with the brain to promote neurogenesis, that is, the birth of new neurons, revitalize those that already exist and although today it is said that the different areas of the mind are connected to each other, this method also tries to strengthen the union between left hemisphere, in charge of logical and rational questions, with the right, dedicated to the musical artistic area and spatial and geographical thinking.

Conrado Estol, a neurologist, director of the Breyna Institute and the Cardiovascular Accident Unit of the Güemes Sanatorium, comments that the capacity of attention and the degree of concentration have a genetic quota, however, They can be trained from infancy to adulthood. “It is very important that it be done because these two functions are the first to be lost naturally over the years,” says the specialist.

It is a method that proposes to perform physical and mental activities, coordination and strategy which can range from body movements and problem solving to having fun with classic board games and crossword puzzles. In this way, the mind will have the possibility to clear itself of all thoughts and focus fully on the present.

And although these exercises may seem easy, Marcos Apud, psychologist and wellness coach, explains that they present a certain degree of difficulty and that generate a desire for the challenge “where the urge to make them until they come out right prevails.”

It is estimated that when a person is born they have an average of 86 million neurons that then with the passage of time they begin to die. However, it was only in the 1990s that They were found to regenerate a finding no less than that alerted the experts who began to look for ways to promote their continuous development in people and thus extend as much as possible the neurodegeneration that usually occurs after 49 years.

In this sense, there are multiple benefits that training the mind brings. “In children and young people it enhances the development of creativity, stimulates learning, literacy, improves fine motor skills, enhances attention and reduces hyperactivity. In adults, it strengthens memory capacity, gives confidence and, above all, emotional and bodily security as a result of the satisfaction generated by being able to do the exercises successfully,” says Apud.

Studies revealed that the ability of a person to pay full attention to what they are doing or listening to is nothing more and nothing less than between 30 and 40 secondsGetty Images

Product of the constant stimuli, the rise of technology and information overload, in recent times, studies revealed that the ability of a person to pay full attention to what they are doing or listening to is nothing more and nothing less than of between 30 and 40 seconds, “Once that time is over, it is possible that the gaze will be diverted or that we will move on to another activity. Refocusing will take approximately 20 extra minutes.” Apud comments.

For this reason, like the body, the mind can also be exercised and if other extra care is added in parallel, the results can be very favorable.

The brain can be stimulated taking care of some risk factors that usually alter cognitive function. According to Estol, it is about avoiding as much as possible the consumption of alcohol and harmful substances as well as smoking, since it increases the risk of suffering from dementia by 60%. This is also accompanied by the care of the arteries, vision, hearing, food, which recommends that it be of a Mediterranean nature as far as possible, social interaction, education and physical activity. The list is completed by pollution, that is to say “we must be attentive to the type of air that enters our body because it can alter cerebral circulation”, explains the specialist.

A person is born with an average of 86 billion neurons that are lost over time, however, in the 1990s it was discovered that they regenerate
A person is born with an average of 86 billion neurons that are lost over time, however, in the 1990s it was discovered that they regenerate Shutterstock

What exercises stimulate concentration?

To enhance cognitive ability, Apud offers a series of fast and dynamic activities for all ages and that can be done at any time of the day:

Training the mind does not take much time and can be done individually or in groups. Enhancing cognitive, attention and concentration capacity is the starting point to maintain optimal brain health and consequently improve quality of life.

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